Focus on Culture - The Arts
The Arts explore ideas and are an expression of culture, a creative response to whatever motivated the composer, artist, choreographer, designer, writer etc. Artists reflect and respond to the times. Each new style is built on what has come before, it involves thinking differently, being bold to try something new, searching for meaning, rebelling against the past or the present, imagining the future, exploring new concepts to express ideas and emotions. In short - being creative. German-speaking composers, musicians, artists, playwrights, poets and writers are some of the most well-known throughout the world.
Many Australian artists, musicians and performers leave these shores to take up positions and opportunities in German-speaking countries, where the support for the Arts remains strong.
Creative Expression on Show
- Flying Bach at Eurovision - artistic fusion: Bach, Hiphop and Ballet combine for an international audience in 2011
- Flashmob at the Hamburger Hauptbahnhof
- Kunst und Kultur im Internet
- Creative Austria - events and news
- Bauhaus - futuristic approach to art, architecture and design - Bauhaus - video
- Frankfurter Buchmesse - world's largest book fair
- Leipziger Buchmesse - second largest book fair after Frankfurt
The Goethe-Institut link for 'The Arts' includes: Architecture, Dance, Design and Fashion, Film, Literature, Music, Theatre, Visual Arts
Goethe-Instiut Australia publish the magazine Kultur, and supports many artists, performers, authors and exhibitions to travel to Australia. The Berlin Dayz festival in 2010 celebrated 20 years of German Reunification and was a cultural highlight for Australians.
- Kultur - Read online
- The Arts - Goethe-Institut Australia
- The Wheeler Centre - Berlin Dayz program
- Musicaviva - Berlin Dayz program
Music is a language that crosses cultural boundaries with universal emotional appeal. Music styles are influenced by the events of the times, experiences and skill of the individual/s who compose the music.
Many of the western music traditions are integrally linked with German-speaking composers like Bach, Beethoven and Mozart. People associate these names with high culture. Mozart was born in 1756 and was a bit of a rebel and what we would call a star in his day. He died at the age of 35, and yet his music continues to be played throughout the world. He is nothing less than a superstar!
A modern industrial world produced electronic music and led to Techno. What music styles of the early 21st century will be remembered? Will they be as successful as Mozart 250+ years later?
Music through the Ages
- Klassik4Kids - an Austrian website all about classical music including examples (in German)
- Classical Music from Germany - the whole world associates Germany with music
- Music in Germany - Classical, Jazz, Contemporary, Electronic and Pop
- Euromaxx: Die Wahrheit über Deutschland: Klassische Musik - Deutsche Welle
- Hear the Music - samples to listen to on the Classics for Kids
- Hallelujah Chorus - Baroque composer Handel still appreciated today
- Johann Sebastian Bach - perhaps the greatest composer of the Baroque period
- Ludwig van Beethoven - one of the most famous and influential composers ever
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - the pop star genius between Baroque and revolution
- Clara Schumann - musician and composer
- Johann Strauss II - The Austrian 'Waltz King'
- Vienna Boys Choir - the most famous boys choir in the world orginating in the middle ages
- Opera Houses and Festivals - in Germany, Austria and Switzerland
- Vienna - city of music - a favourite destination for lovers of the Arts
- Kraftwerk (electronic music) and Kraftwerk on Wikipedia
- Musik + X Pop, Hiphop, Indie, Techno
- Euromaxx: Die Wahrheit über Deutschland: Techno - Deutsch-Welle
- Music - Video clips and lyrics on Step into German
Land von Dichter und Denker - a saying earned long ago in reference to the German writers and philosophers who established an ongoing literary tradition and interest in exploring and writing about human experience.
Australians are familiar with German-speaking writers, usually in translation. Children the world over know the fairy tales collated by the Grimm brothers.
German is ranked 5 in terms of books published in the world, many of of these are not translated.
German ranks 2nd as the most frequently used language on the Internet after English.
- Book marks: Goethe-Institut Australia website on current and past writers publishing their work in German
- Kinder- und Jugendbuchportal - Goethe-Institut
- Authors in German Literature - there have many over the years
- Sturm und Drang - rebellious youth
- Brüder Grimm - Fairytales known throughout the world
- Euromaxx: The Truth About Germany: Fairy Tales
- Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Project Gutenberg
- Goethe - Wikipedia
- Friedrich Schiller
- Rainer Maria Rilke
- Heinrich von Kleist
- Bertholt Brecht
- Günter Grass
- Hermann Hesse
- Karl May
- Ernst Jandl
- Hans Magnus Enzensberger
- Peter Härtling
- Peter Handke
- Martin Auer
- Christine Nöstlinger
- Emine Sevgi Özdamar
- Feridun Zaimoğlu
- Elfriede Jelinek
- Bas Boettcher - Slam Poetry (Video)
- Bücherflohmarkt und Poetry Slam - Juma (German)
- Wladimir Kaminer
- Colin Thiele (1920 -2006) - Born in Eudunda in South Australia and only spoke German when he went to school, he served in the Australian Army and was made a Companion of the Order of Australia in 1977 for his services to literature and education.
- Anna Funder - Author of Stasiland: Stories from Behind the Wall. Anna studied in Berlin in 1994 as a recipient of a DAAD Scholarship and in 1995 received a scholarship from the Australian-German Assocation (AGA)
Elizabeth Honey (Richmond, Melbourne) and Heike Brandt (Berlin) collaborated to co-author the children's book To the Boy in Berlin with accompanying website. It explores the relationship between Australia and Germany over time, and includes some intercultural insights into the life and language used in both countries.
Philosophy on the Human Condition
- Friedrich Nietzsche - German philosopher, poet and philologist
- Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels - Political thinkers
- Sigmund Freud - An Austrian who founded the discipline of psychoanalysis
- Carl Jung - Swiss psychiatrist
- Ludwig Wittgenstein - An important contemporary Austrian philosopher in relation to use of language
- Lou Andreas-Salomé - A writer and psychoanalyst, and a muse and confidant to Friedrich Nietzsche, Rainer Maria Rilke and Sigmund Freud. Lou had one parent of northern German descent and lived much of her life in Germany.
- Clara Zetkin - A German socialist and fighter for women's rights
Film and Photography
Cinema of Australia has a long history. Australia was a pioneer in the production of feature films, beginning with The Story of the Kelly Gang in 1906 and has produced many internationally recognised films, actors and filmmakers.
The Audi Film Festival first screened in 2001 in Australia and has grown to be the biggest German film festival outside of Germany. German films are screened regularly in Australia.
Goethe-Institut Australia has hosted a Film Festival for students of German in schools since 2003. Students from Early, Middle and Later Years make a film no longer than 4 minutes.
Wilhelm Lindt was one of Melbourne's most famous early photographers. He was born in Frankfurt am Main in 1845 and arrived in Australian in 1963. He photographed the capture of the Kelly Gang in 1880.
- John William Lindt - Dictionary of Biography
German-speaking Europe has an equally long history and interest in the power of the lens of the camera. There is a vibrant film industry today.
- Berlinale Internationale Filmfeste Berlin
- Film Studies in Germany
- Studio Babelsberg - since 1912
- Billy Wilder - famous Austrian film producer
- Winnetou- American western German style
- Leni Riefenstahl - pioneer of film and photographic techniques
- Marlene Dietrich - actress and singer
- German Hollywood Connection - check out the links
Painters, Sculptors and Designers
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples' ancestors produced some of the earliest known cave paintings in the world. Contemporary Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander art is highly valued around the world.
- Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Art Galleries - National Gallery Australia
Hans Heysen (1877–1968) was born in Hamburg and migrated with his family in 1884. He is one of Australia’s best-known landscape painters. He changed the way we view the Australian landscape, with his distinctive gum trees having now become a part of our national imagery.
- Hans Heysen - National Gallery Australia
German art treasures in Australia, especially in Victoria
- SBS Interview with Beatrix Ahrens - auf Deutsch
- SBS Program about Wolfgang Sievers - Photographer from Berline - auf Deutsch
German-speaking artists in Europe
- Famous German and Austrian Sculptors and Painters
- Venus of Hohle Fels and Venus von Willendorf - Prehistoric art
- Albrecht Dürer - born 1471 - Lesson Plans
- Casper David Friedrich - German romantic landscape painter
- Paula Modersohn-Becker b 1876 d 1907
- Die Brücke - Founded in 1905
- Der Blaue Reiter - Founded by Russian emigrants and German artists 1911-1914
- Paul Klee - Swiss member of Der Blaue Reiter
- August Macke - German member of Der Blaue Reiter and killed in WWI
- German Expressionism in the Classroom
- Gabriele Münter - German expressionist artist
- Max Beckmann - German painter, draftsman, printmaker and sculptor
- Max Ernst - German-American surrealist
- Gustav Klimt - Austrian artist and painter of 'The Kiss'
- Kolomon Moser - Austrian artist
- Oskar Kokoschka - Austrian artist, poet and playwright
- Eva Schulze-Knabe - German artist and resistance fighter
- Anni Albers - German-American textile artist
- Herbert Bayer - Austrian graphic artist
- Marianne Brandt - German painter, sculptor, photographer and designer
- Käthe Kollwitz - Museum website - and a Virtual Tour of a Melbourne exhibition
- Hundertwasser - a contemporary and controversial Austrian artist
- Dirk Skreber - German contemporary artist inspired by catastrophes
- Barbara Flügel - artist working in porcelain
Museums and Galleries
- Städel Museum - in Frankfurt. a selection of works shown in Melbourne in 2010
- Wien Museum - collections
- Museumsquartier in Vienna
- Top 10 Museums in Berlin
The Arts in Oz
- ABC - The Arts
- Office for the Arts - Federal government
- Arts Victoria - Victorian government
- Australian Screen - Film clips
- National Sound and Film Archive - Canberra
- National Gallery of Australia - Canberra
- National Gallery Victoria - NGV in Melbourne
- Heide Museum of Modern Art - Bulleen, Melbourne
- Sandridge Bridge Southbank - Celebrating migration
- European Masters: Städel Museum, 19th-20th Century - NGV in 2010
- Eugene von Guérard: Nature Revealed - NGV in 2011
- Vienna: Art and Design Exhibition - NGV in 2011
- The Mad Square: Modernity in Modern Art 1910-1937 - NGV in 2011/2012
Historical Periods and Art Movements of Western Culture
Understanding the historical setting of artworks provides insights into the inspiration for the work as well as historical references within. A selection of periods is provided below.